35-dars. Regular and irregular verbs.

Ingliz tilida 2 xil fe’l bor: regular verb(to’g’ri) va irregular verb (noto’g’ri).

Ularning  o`rtasida  uncha  katta  farq  yo`q.  Ularni ajratib olish yo’llaridan biri noto’g’ri fe’llarni yodlash. To`g`ri  fe`llarga  O`tgan 

zamonda hamda uchinchi ishlatilish holatida +ed qo`shimchasi qo`shiladi, 

xolos. 

Noto`g`ri  fe`llarni  bo`lsa  o`tgan  zamonda,  ya`ni  V2  hamda  V3 

holatida shakli butunlay o`zgartirib yuboriladi.  

V2 – bu Past simplening xabar gapidagina qo`llaniladi, xolos. Shu 

bois,  ularni  yodlab  olish  zarar  qilmaydi.  Qayerda  V2  formulasini 

ko`rsangiz, demak u Past Simplening xabar gapi bo`lib chiqadi.

(Men kecha xonamni tozaladim).

(Chris Universitetni muhandisligida o’qigan).

 
V3  –  Perfect  zamonlarda,  Passive  zamonlarda  hamda  sifatdoshda 

ishlatiladi. Qayerdaki, V3 formulasini ko`rsangiz, demak bular yuqorida 

sanab o`tilganlardan biridir! 

(Men xonamni tozalaganman).

(Tina Londonda o’n yilda beri yashaydi).

Noto’g’ri fe’llar gap ohirida -ed olmaydi.

Bu fe’llar ba’zan 2 va 3 shakli bir xil bo’ladi.

Exercises 1. Bu fe’llarni past sipmle yoki past paticiple yozing. Bu mashqdagi hamma fe’llarni past sipmle yoki past paticiple

Javoblari

3. got
4. brought
5. paid
6. enjoyed
7. bought
8. sat
9. left
10. happened
11. heard
12. put
13. caught
14. watched
15. understood/p>

Exercises 2. Fe’llarni to’g’ri qo’ying.

Javoblari

3. slept
4. saw
5. rained
6. lost… seen
7. stolen
8. went
9. finished
10. built
11. learnt/learned
12. ridden
13. known
14. fell… hurt
15. ran … run

New words (yangi so’zlar)

1wouldhohlamoq9riverdaryo
2flyuchmoq10loudbaland
3sellsotmoq11wifexotin
4swimcho’milmoq12ticketbilet
5thinko’ylamoq13drivehaydamoq
6winyutmoq14neverhech qachon
7wake upo’rnidan turmoq15hurturib qolish, zarar
8jumpsakramoq16yethali ham
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