58- Dars. She said that…. He told me that….

Bugun sizlar bilan ajoyib mavzulardan birini o’rganib olamiz.

Siz kimdandir eshitgan axborotingizni so’zlab berayotganingizda albatta uning nomidan foydalanasiz va bu o’zlashtirma gap deyiladi. Masalan:

Jack : I am a student (Men talabaman) Jack said that he was a student (Jack student ekanligini aytdi)

Bunda birinchi gap o’zlashtirma gaplarda albatta o’zgarishlarga uchraydi. Masalan:

Yuqoridagi gapda to be (am/ is) ni was ga o’zgarishi ko’rsatilgan. Demak biz gaplarni o’zlashtirayotganda zamonlarga e’tibor berib ularni o’tgan zamonga o’zgartirishimiz kerak.

I am doing ———–I was doing You are not a student————You were not a student

Quyida esa o’zlashtirma gaplarda qanday o’zgarishlar bo’lishi ko’rsatilgan.

Say and tell

Say– demoq

Tell – aytmoq

Aslida ikkisi hampda bir xil ma’noda ishlatiladi. Lekin gapda ikkisi ham aytmoq hamda demoq kabi ma’no nozikligiga ega.

Say va Tell ga e’tibor bering

Masalan: Say bilan that birga keladi. He said that he was tired.

Tell esa to’ldiruvchi keladi. He told me that he was tited

Say bilan to doim birga keladi. He says to me …….

Tell bilan esa kelmaydi. He told me…….

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